Thursday, October 19, 2017

UNESCO World Heritage

UNESCO  Heritage sites of Georgia

To be included on the World Heritage List, sites must be of outstanding universal value and meet at least one out of ten selection criteria. These criteria are explained in the Operational Guidelines for the Implementation of the World Heritage Convention which, besides the text of the Convention, is the main working tool on World Heritage. The criteria are regularly revised by the Committee to reflect the evolution of the World Heritage concept itself.

Until the end of 2004, World Heritage sites were selected on the basis of six cultural and four natural criteria. With the adoption of the revised Operational Guidelines for the Implementation of the World Heritage Convention, only one set of ten criteria exists.

*     To bear a unique or at least exceptional testimony to a cultural tradition or to a civilization which is living or which has disappeared;
*     To be an outstanding example of a type of building, architectural or technological ensemble or landscape which illustrates (a) significant stage (s) in human history;
*     To be an outstanding example of a traditional human settlement, land-use, or sea-use which is representative of a culture (or cultures), or human interaction with the environment especially when it has become vulnerable under the impact of irreversible change.

Properties inscribed on the World Heritage List

The historic churches of Mtskheta, former capital of the Kingdom of Georgia, are typical of medieval religious architecture in the Caucasus region; they were inscribed on the World Heritage List in 1994.

Georgian culture gives pride of place to popular song as typified by the Chakrulo, a polyphonic song using metaphors and complex musical ornamentation, whose medieval origin is linked to the cult of wine and winemaking. In 2001 UNESCO proclaimed Georgian Traditional Polyphony a Masterpiece of the Oral and Intangible Cultural Heritage.

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Gelati Monastery XII c

City of Kutaisi  /Region of Imereti/

N42 15' 44'' E42 42' 59''

Gelati-Monastery

Gelati Monastery - one of the greatest spiritual and cultural centers of the Middle Age Georgia praised as “New Athens” and “Second Jerusalem” was founded by King Davit Agmashenebeli (David the Builder) in 1106.

Read more: Gelati Monastery XII c

Bagrati Cathedral

City of Kutaisi  /Region of Imereti/

N42 15' 44'' E42 42' 59''

 

bagratiThe Cathedral of the Dormition of the Mother of God (so called Bagrati Cathedral) - the symbol of united Georgian kingdom was founded by the first king of united Georgia Bagrat III Bagrationi (978-1014). According to the inscription on the façade, the construction of the cathedral was completed in 1003.

Read more: Bagrati Cathedral

Svetitskhoveli Cathedral XI c

Mtskheta  /Region of Mtskheta-Mtianeti/

N41 50' 38'' E44 42' 39''

svetitskhoveli-mtskhetaSvetitskhoveli Cathedral - the most important religious centre and the biggest ecclesiastic construction of mediaeval Georgia, was built in 1010-1029 under the leadership of the Catholicos Patriarch Melkisedec by an architect named Arsukidze.

Read more: Svetitskhoveli Cathedral XI c

Jvari (Holy Cross) Church 586/7-604/5

Mtskheta  /Region of Mtskheta-Mtianeti/

N41 50' 38'' E44 42' 39''

jvariJvari Church in Mtskheta – outstanding monument of Georgian architecture was one of the greatest religious sites and a center of pilgrimage for Christian nations of the Caucasus.

Read more: Jvari (Holy Cross) Church 586/7-604/5

Upper Svaneti

Mestia District /Region of Samegrelo-Upper Svaneti/

N42 54' 59'' E43 00' 41''

ADISHIUpper (Zemo) Svaneti was inscribed on the World Heritage List in 1996  considering that: "Zemo Svaneti is of outstanding universal value being an exceptional landscape that has preserved to a remarkable degree its original medieval appearance, notable for the distribution, form and architecture of its human settlements." Commission.

Read more: Upper Svaneti